The theme of Russian military forces on the territory of Ukraine has been a burning issue for months now. Although actions and ammunition of soldiers have been discussed many times, there was nothing said about the new generation of Russian military trucks KamAZ that are now manufactured in new designations, as can be observed on the photographs taken in Donbass. The majority of them compose Mustang family, as well as KamAZ-5350 – armored Mustang that has extra-class of protection and mounted force module. Such machines started being produced several years ago, with the main customer presented by Russian Ministry of Defense. Despite this, the majority of such trucks are still Soviet vehicles that were produced basically in 4310 model.
KamAZ-4310 is a utility truck that has been manufactured for 35 years now. This is an altered version of a commercial machine made up for military utilities. Since it was introduced, KamAZ-4310 turned into the drafter of the Soviet military force.
The truck of military version has the latest innovations and improvements: conventional layout, engine placed in front mount and a forward control cab. The cab is produced in metal and accommodates driver and 2 passengers. In its basic designation, KamAZ-4310 consists of a general body (troop or cargo), sides folding down and tailgate. What is more, cargo area is defended by canvas cover and bows that can be removed when needed. By the way, military truck is produced in several body styles.
Working load on cross-country terrain reaches up to 6 tones. When the KamAZ-4310 is equipped with a 6 tones load, it can develop maximum road speed even up to 85 km/h. Moreover, there is also possibility of trailer towing, if their weight does not exceed the limit of 7 tones. KamAZ-4310 works on the basis of YaMZ-740 V8 diesel engine with 10.85-liter capacity that develops 210 horse powers. The same type of engine is also applied in Ural-4320 and some of ordinary passenger buses. KamAZ is equipped with a full-time drive (all wheels). To sustain good cross-country ability, central tyre pressure system is used. Some models are also supplied with self-recovery winch.
It should be said that KAMAZ is the main truck producer on the territory of Russia and the CIS. The company manufactures 93,600 trucks every year (about 260 trucks each day). Reinforced KAMAZ trucks are used by the Russian army and exported worldwide, including Ukraine. However Ukrainian army does not posess modern KAMAZ models using mainly 4310 as well.